The city is a place where population accumulation, specialization, division of labor, industrialization and secondary relations are intense. Again, the city is a residential area with different characteristics than the rural areas in which the population is derived from the activities other than agriculture and livestock. At the same time, the city is the central location which is the pioneer, bearer and supervisor of the economic, political and cultural life systematically shaping the living individuals and the events taking place in that space (Yıldırım, 2016). The process of industrialization in the west, which started in the 19th century, revealed the process of urbanization. Today, in most of the countries around the world, the number of people living in cities is increasing compared to those living in the countryside. This increase led the country managers to take multi-faceted measures to meet the needs of the increasing population of cities (Es & Ateş, 2004).
The decline of the nation state and its institutions, starting with the process of globalization, deregulation of large social sectors by ensuring explained them in the social relations of Turkey’s traditional welfare regime has made it clear to the impact of new risk conditions. In particular, the uncertainty created by the global economy and its practices, which deprived the nation state of its ability to play its powerful role within its borders, deepened the risk perception as much as possible. effective process for the formation of this depth, the problems experienced in Turkey, the nation state is to acquire a new meaning in the global plane (Yılmaz, 2015).
Residential areas resulting in horizontal and vertical migration in a city in Turkey rationality appropriate to its own dynamics, developing their confidence and security networks, as well as with external dynamics are transformed by its own internal dynamics. In particular, the effects of the process outlined above in big cities disrupt the structure of conventional solidarity and trust relationships on different class environments and expose them to new influences. The new structure of solidarity and trust relations, which is open to impact, determines the new framework of risk profiles (Yılmaz, 2015).
Diversification of the highways and transportation vehicles with the increasing development in Turkey and development are the most important factors raise the possibility of transmitting the displacement of the population. In our country, socio-psychological factors have an important role in urbanization. The globalization process is transforming the cities of our country into the center of an intensive capital investment. It attracts rural and various economic and social outputs, especially employment. Due to these changes and developments, some problems arise (Tosun, 2015).
People live in the same city and share the city’s destiny, they do not need to carry an identity that identifies them with that city. There is no sense of responsibility towards the city as a result of people’s not identifying themselves with their lives and not feeling that they belong to that city. As a result of this negativity, there are no cities. The result of unclaimed spaces is to be destroyed, to be used in contempt and not to develop. Living in a common city is not enough for the development of urban consciousness. People living in a city have a sense of belonging to the city they live in, and it is possible to protect the city, to develop it, to participate in the development and management of the city. People are more likely to possess the facts that they are in. To be able to claim the city of the city, the city must be correct. The circles cannot be expected to be sensitive to the city. The way to avoid this understanding is to get to know the city, to integrate with the city and to gain its urban identity. People should be in the city to protect and own the city. Being in the city is not a constant in the spatial context but an active process in social, cultural and political terms (Kaya, 2017).
People can establish meaningful bridges between themselves and the city as they can participate in the administration of the city, and own their cities. Of course, joining the administration of the city alone is not a sufficient element. People should be able to find their own future in the city. People who make meaningful bridges between their future and the future of the city begin to be more interested in the future of the city and care for the future of the city for their own future. Therefore, in order to develop urban consciousness, the city has to promise people’s future (Kaya, 2017).
Urbanization in Turkey, the country’s social, cultural, and among the basic elements that shape the economic structure. The process of urbanization in our country; It is in the area of responsibility of the institutions which have a centralized and authoritarian structure and weak local governments determined by the traditional state society, and is carried out under the necessary legal regulations under the supervision and control of the central and local administrations. Urbanization is often shaped under the influence of governments’ populist policies. Despite the plans, programs and legal arrangements, it is not possible to reach the desired level in this regard. Because during the implementation of plans, programs and laws, political and economic power conflicts are experienced due to the size and diversity of local rent and concessions are often made by the administration. In other words, the lack of political power and support behind corruption and corruption in the public administration cannot be successful. On the other hand, the inadequacy, weakness and inability of the supervisor to fulfill the duty of supervision are effective in this process (Tunçer, 2015).
The problems that can be solved by the approaches adopted in our country so far cannot be solved. The most common approach is for those who stay in the country and do not have a home. Although it is not clear, the impotence against the problem is the best indicator of this approach. However, in a country where people are forced to solve housing problems arising from the right to life with the most natural rights themselves, if the housing costs are now measured in half a million and millions, even if the slums have become a means of trade, the land speculation has reached very high levels; if space is left, these are the problems brought about by urbanization. In addition, if the children have to walk long distance to go to the nearest children’s garden, if the houses are dehydrated and non-sewage, if infectious diseases are widespread, if all the small savings are invested in the land and house, if there are only families or people who live with rents, the housing problem in that country has reached a very important level (Acaroğlu, 1978).
Another approach to the housing problem in our country is that it is only an unlicensed-illegal construction problem. In other words, according to some people, there is not a problem in the country but a slum problem. As it is known, our city has licensed, zoned houses on one side and unlicensed, illegal houses and squatter houses on the other. While the housing problem in our country has reached the above dimensions, it is important how much resources will be allocated to housing and which technology will produce housing. However, the standards and materials to be used in the production of housing and urbanization should be paid attention (Acaroğlu, 1978).
Sustainable development policy is important in overcoming the problems that arise with urbanization. The place where the phenomenon of sustainability becomes concrete is generally sustainable settlement and in particular sustainable urbanization. The focus of the concept of sustainability on cities is mainly due to the fact that big cities are the main consumers of natural resources and they are the main producers of pollution and wastes. If they are considered as the main sources in the new technological and economic growth process, it is clear that the places of cities in the debate on sustainability will gain more importance. Sustainable urbanization is the basis of sustainable development (Karakurt, 2009).
Looking at the needs of sustainable urban policy, minimizing the consumption of space and natural resources, managing urban flows effectively, protecting the health of the urban population, ensuring equal access to resources and services and maintaining cultural and social diversity. The following conditions must be met for sustainable urbanization. Field-saving developments should be implemented, natural habitat should be protected, urbanization should be planned, large green area should be provided, water resources should be protected, motor vehicle use should not be encouraged, recycling programs should be initiated (Karakurt, 2009).

Although the process of political, economic, administrative and cultural evolution of countries differed according to each other, it can be stated that population mobility in general is developing in the same direction. Although policies that encourage rural development and local values are encouraged in many countries, the tendency to live in urban areas is higher. Urbanization, in its simplest form, is a process in which the population is concentrated in cities, and therefore the expectations of services and services are changed, depending on different factors. However, there are many economic, technological, socio-psychological and political reasons behind the migration of the population to the city.
In recent years, the city is crowded, exhausted and unhealthy, and the existence of individuals who see living as an escape in rural areas is not ignored, but it seems that the working, dynamic population preferred to live in cities. When looking at urbanization, there are many positive features as well as negative aspects. Attention should be paid to the problems that arise. Therefore, the implementation of a sustainable development project is important in this sense and should be applied to the urban model.

Acaroğlu, İ. (1978) Kentleşmenin sebep olduğu sağlık sorunları (V. 2, N. 11, P. 27-36).
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